MiniAll Models and Modifications
The world energy crisis begins in 1950s of the last century which all automobile concerns needed to introduce a super economy car. In 1956, the task to design such tiny car was set for special design group of the British Motor Corporation company that was managed by Alec Issigonis, having chosen the optimum technical concept. As a result, the engineers settled on a layout option in which four-cylinder in-line water-cooled engine and gearbox are placed together. Having applied this configuration, creators managed to increase as much interior space as possible in which four adults and necessary baggage could accommodate. At such configuration, the passenger compartment occupies not less than 80 percent of the area of a horizontal projection of the car. English designers succeeded in creating on its basis a practical miniature model of a car with dimensions of 3×1.2×1.2 m.
The first prototype of the model of Mini "The Orange Box" was ready in 1957, but two more years were are devoted to tests and technical completions. Only in May 1959, the Mini car was started in mass production, and in August of the same year, its official sales began. Thus, from the emergence of the idea and before mass production, there passed less than two and a half years. The first Mini cars gathered on two enterprises. At the plant in Cowley (Oxford), cars under the name of Morris Mini Minor and similar model under the name of Austin Seven were issued at the plant in Longbridge (Birmingham). Thanks to successful marketing policy, by the end of 1959 already about 20,000 cars were manufactured and delivered in more than 100 countries around the world. Unfortunately, despite an excellent design, the first cars possessed a number of defects: for example, weak waterproofer and interior often became wet during a rain.
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